After an arrest, if the charges are dropped, a person will sometimes file legal action or a complaint against the appropriate arresting agency. In most jurisdictions, the arrest powers of police and police agents are in excess of those afforded to ordinary citizens (see citizen’s arrest). However, the powers of police officers to arrest are not unlimited.

What is False Arrest/Imprisonment?

False imprisonment is the “complete deprivation of liberty for any time, however short, without lawful cause”.

It is also known as:

  • Wrongful arrest
  • Unlawful arrest
  • False arrest.

Innocent victims of police misconduct for false arrest and imprisonment can also suffer some on the below.

  • Assault/ battery
  • Malicious prosecution
  • Misfeasance in public office
  • Trespass
  • Negligence